MVC project can be created using Visual Studio as shown create aspnet mvc project using visual studio but what is MVC? MVC, acronym for Model-View-Controller, is a software design pattern that separates the presentation (View), data model (Model) and user input based actions (Controller). In other words, it separates user interface logic from business logic.
View - The View manages the user interface, layout, etc. It can request information from Model about its state.
Controller - The Controller gets input from the View to update data and pass the message back to Model or to change the View.
Model - The Model controls the logic and behaviour of data. It pass data back to Controller when Controller asks for it and / or updates data when it receives message from Controller.
It's important to note that Model does not rely on Controller or View meaning that the Model can be created and tested separately from the user interface.
To relate this back to the MVC project created previously, there were separate folders for Model, Views and Controllers that manages how user with teh View, how View interacts with Model and responds to Controller and Controller talks to Model and View.
This should become more clear as I post more on this topic.